Memory swapping is a memory reclamation method wherein memory contents not currently in use are swapped to a disk to make the memory available for other applications or processes. The exact state or "page" of memory is copied to the disk to make the data contiguous and easy to restore later.
Carbon Free Computing is a project started by VIA technologies in October 2006 as part of the VIA Green Computing Initiative, which aims to manufacture the world's first line of PC products that can be certified carbon free. The VIA Carbon Free Computing initiative consists of a set of programs and products that are developed to reduce their impact on the environment.
The VIA Carbon Free Computing initiative drives the design of a new class of carbon-free PC products that reduce the impact of carbon on the environment. The main objective of this initiative is to work closely with chosen partners and organizations to create PCs that can be certified and promoted as “carbon free”. VIA also focuses on providing an effective way to allow commercial, government, and end users to discover “carbon-free” PCs and their benefits.The Carbon Free Computing initiative utilizes the concept of "carbon offsets," in which a company may partner with other organizations in projects to "offset" either direct or indirect carbon emissions in the manufacturing process. An example of such indirect emissions might be the use of electricity produced by a carbon-emitting power plant. Together with environmental experts, VIA works to calculate the electricity used by an average carbon-free computer product over its lifetime. Using those values, VIA calculates the amount of carbon dioxide emissions released into the environment from power plants. VIA then works on reducing the amount of carbon dioxide emissions by undertaking various projects such as reforestation, alternative energy, and energy conservation. The Carbon Free Computing initiative focuses on the following:
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