A heap, in the context of data structure, is a tree-based data structure that satisfies the heap property, where each element is assigned a key value, or weighting. The lower value key always has a parent node with a higher-value key. This is called a max-heap structure, and among all nodes, the root node has the highest key. Sometimes, a...
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is a nonprofit organization in the United States that supports civil liberties and other legal issues pertaining to digital rights. It is an advocacy group dedicated to protecting the First Amendment in telecommunications and computer technology. The EFF defends civil rights mainly in the courts and mobilizes people through its informative action center.
The EFF is a group of specialized attorneys, resourceful technologists, policy analysts and research activists. Part of the EFF’s mission statement is to ensure that originators of electronic communications have the same political rights as the creators of books, newspapers and other customary media. The group's objective is to confront cutting-edge digital rights issues by defending privacy, free speech, consumer rights and invention.
The EFF is mostly supported by donations and is an accredited observer of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), one of the 16 specialized United Nations agencies. The WIPO helps protect and promote intellectual property throughout the world. The EFF is also a member of the Global Network Initiative, a non-governmental organization that protects Internet privacy rights for individuals and prevents Internet censorship by authoritarian governments.
The EFF has a wide range of mission statements, which include the following:
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