A data breach is an incident that involves the unauthorized or illegal viewing, access or retrieval of data by an individual, application or service. It is a type of security breach specifically designed to steal and/or publish data to an unsecured or illegal location. A data breach is also known as a data spill or data leak.
SQL Slammer is a worm that targets unpatched Microsoft SQL 2000 servers. The worm spreads between servers, increasing traffic on UDP port 1434 and causing heavy network traffic that can slow down network performance and lead to denial of service. SQL slammer does not carry a destructive payload. Despite its name, it does not use the SQL language. Home PCs generally aren’t affected by this worm. Because it stays in a system's memory, it is easy to remove.
The 376-byte worm packet only affects SQL servers that are not running SP3, a Windows software service pack that includes a patch to fix the buffer overflow bug the worm exploits. The small piece of worm code generates random IP addresses and sends itself to those addresses from the infected system. The main symptom of an SQL Slammer infection is high outgoing traffic to UDP 1434. Because the worm was able to fit into one packet, it could be propagated rapidly as computers fired off infected packets. As a result, it caused several denial-of-service attacks in 2002 and 2003. A patch provided by Microsoft in 2002, as well as increased media coverage of this worm, had greatly reduced the risk of infection by 2004.
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