OSI protocols are a family of standards for information exchange. These were developed and designed by the International Organization of Standardization (ISO). In 1977 the ISO model was introduced, which consisted of seven different layers. This model has been criticized because of its technicality and limited features. Each layer of the ISO model...
A mobile phone is a wireless handheld device that allows users to make calls and send text messages, among other features. The earliest batch of mobile phones could only make and receive calls. Today’s mobile phones, however, are packed with a lot of additional features such as Web browsers, games, cameras, video players and even navigational systems.
A mobile phone may also be known as a cellular phone or simply cellphone.
When the first mobile phones were introduced, all they could do was make calls, and they were so bulky it was impossible to carry them in a pocket.
Later on, mobile phones belonging to the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) network were capable of sending and receiving text messages. As these devices evolved, they became smaller and more and more features were added, such as multimedia messaging service (MMS), which allowed users to send and receive images.
Most of these MMS-capable devices were naturally equipped with cameras, which allowed users to capture photos with the built-in camera, add captions, and send them to friends and relatives who also had MMS-capable phones.
A mobile phone with highly advanced features is called a smartphone, while a regular mobile phone is known as a feature phone.
A mobile phone typically operates on a cellular network, which is composed of cell sites scattered throughout cities, countrysides, and even mountainous regions. If a user happens to be located in an area where there is no signal from any cell site belonging to the cellular network provider he or she is subscribed to, calls will not be able to placed or received in that location.
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