Parity refers to the redundant check bit that represents the even/odd condition of a certain unit (usually one byte) of computer data stored in the RAM of a device. This is used to check and double check for errors by comparing the stored and the computed parity. Parity bits are stored in additional individual memory chips, with 9 bits for every 8...
Structured systems analysis and design methodology (SSADM) is a set of standards for systems analysis and application design. It uses a formal methodical approach to the analysis and design of information systems. It was developed by Learmonth Burchett Management Systems (LBMS) and the Central Computer Telecommunications Agency (CCTA) in 1980-1981 as a standard for developing British database projects. The SSADM is an open methodology based on the waterfall model. It has been used by many commercial businesses, consultants, educational establishments and CASE tool developers.
SSADM follows the waterfall life cycle model starting from the feasibility study to the physical design stage of development. One of the main features of SSADM is the intensive user involvement in the requirements analysis stage. The users are made to sign off each stage as they are completed assuring that requirements are met. The users are provided with clear, easily understandable documentation consisting of various diagrammatic representations of the system. SSADM breaks up a development project into stages, modules, steps and tasks. The first and foremost model developed in SSADM is the data model. It is a part of requirements gathering and consists of well defined stages, steps and products. The techniques used in SSADM are logical data modeling, data flow modeling and entity behavior modeling.
Logical Data Modeling: This involves the process of identifying, modeling and documenting data as a part of system requirements gathering. The data are classified further into entities and relationships.
Data Flow Modeling: This involves tracking the data flow in an information system. It clearly analyzes the processes, data stores, external entities and data movement.
Entity Behavior Modeling: This involves identifying and documenting the events influencing each entity and the sequence in which these events happen.
Some of the important characteristics of SSADM are:
The stages of SSADM include:
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