Skunkworks refers to advanced development projects that are sometimes top-secret (such as black projects) in technology, business and aerospace engineering. Skunkworks teams develop tasks efficiently with nominal management limitations. With direct focus on revolutionized business and technology changes, skunkworks is independent, highly secretive, innovative and well-funded.
A skunkworks team often begins a project for future conventional development. Teams have few members for communication overhead reduction. Skunkworks team objectives include:
Lockheed Martin Corporation refers to its skunkwork projects as "Skunk Works" and, formally, as Advanced Development Programs (ADP). Because the general skunkworks term originated from Alfred Gerald Caplin’s (Al Capp) Li'l Abner comic strip, Lockheed's ADP group and logo are trademarked as Skunk Works. Lockheed's original use of the skunkworks term remains a mystery, but there is a consensus that the term was first introduced during World War II by Lockheed engineers charged with the construction of a U.S. government fighter jet.
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Multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) is a mechanism used within computer network infrastructures to speed up the time it takes a data packet to flow from one node to another. It enables computer networks to be faster and easier to manage by using short path labels instead of long network addresses for routing network packets.