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An X-Y-Z matrix is a three-dimensional structure whereby the x-axis and y-axis denote the first two dimensions and the z-axis is the third dimension. In a graphic image, the x denotes width, y denotes height and the z represents depth.
An X-Y-Z matrix is also known as a 3-D matrix.
With the advent of digital images and image processing, the X-Y-Z matrix has been employed to represent pixel data. It is most commonly utilized in 3-D computer graphics and animation. Using the X-Y-Z matrix system produces a more life-like view in computing and graphic designs. One big advantage of using the X-Y-Z matrix system is that the manipulation of data becomes very easy and simple algorithms are defined to bring forth changes in the given pixel data of an image under operation.