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Enterprise Content Management (ECM) is an organizational process methodology designed for complete content life cycle management. ECM content includes documents, graphics, email and video.
ECM is derived from electronic document management systems (EDMS) used during the late 1980s to early 1990s for smaller scale imaging and work flow. Today, ECM solutions employ a single software package that encompasses multiple enterprise divisions, including accounting, customer service and human resources (HR).
ECM encompasses multiple management types, including Web content/document/digital asset and work flow management. ECM also provides data discovery and manipulation capabilities through search, collaboration, capture and scanning.
Originally geared toward business-to-employee (B2E) systems, ECM now provides solutions to business-to-business (B2B), business-to-government (B2G), government-to-business (G2B) and other market segments.
The Association for Information and Image Management (AIIM) defines five ECM components, as follows:
The three software application sources of ECM are as follows:
Key ECM benefits include: