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A honeypot is a decoy computer system for trapping hackers or tracking unconventional or new hacking methods. Honeypots are designed to purposely engage and deceive hackers and identify malicious activities performed over the Internet.
Multiple honeypots can be set on a network to form a honeynet.
There are many advantages to honeypots. The main one is the ease with which they are employed. Another advantage is that although honeypots seek small amounts of hacker information, the information is considered highly valuable for studying and uncovering hackers' motivations.
Honeypot systems are not perfect, however. They contain the usual technology risks such as firewall penetration, broken encryption methods and failure to detect attacks. In addition, honeypots are unable to detect attacks against systems that are not honeypot systems.
There are two different kinds of honeypots. They are classified based on their deployment method:
Honeypots are not always designed to identify hackers. Honeypot developers are often more interested in getting into the minds of hackers, which then permits them to design more secure systems, as well as to educate other professionals about the lessons learned through their efforts. Overall, honeypots are considered an effective method to track hacker behavior and heighten the effectiveness of computer security tools.