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The amount of work performed by an entity in a given period of time, or the average amount of work handled by an entity at a particular instant of time. The amount of work handled by an entity gives an estimate of the efficiency and performance of that entity. In computer science, this term refers to computer systems' ability to handle and process work.
Components such as servers or database systems are often assigned an expected workload upon creation. Analysis of their performance compared to the workload that was expected is then conducted over time.
One approach to boosting workload capabilities is to increase the number of servers and run applications on different servers. The disadvantage of this approach is increased costs in setup, maintenance and deployment.
A few specific types of workload that apply to computer systems include: