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Grace Hopper was a pioneering computer scientist who helped create the field of computer programming. Hopper and her team created the first compiler, so that programmers could program with English commands. Hopper also heavily influenced the creation and standardization of COBOL, one of the first programming languages that was compatible with different computers.
Grace Hopper first encountered computers while working with the Navy during World War II (WWII). Amazingly, Hopper stayed with the Navy throughout her career while consulting for the private industry on programming and computing matters. Hopper received many awards, including the 1969 Computer Science Man-of-the-Year Award. Hopper was one of the first individuals to grasp the commercial potential of computer programs, and she saw easy to use programming languages as an important bridge towards that goal.