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A digital library, unlike other forms of media such as print or microform, is a specialized form of library that encompasses a collection of digital assets. Such digital objects can be in the form of visual material, text, audio or video that are in electronic media forms. As it is a library, it also has features to organize, store and retrieve media or files that make up the collection. Content in a digital library may also be stored locally or accessed by means of networks when stored remotely.
Digital libraries consist of a collection of digital resources that may have existed only in digital form, or have been converted from another form to digital. These resources are generally stored in a broad range of formats and can be accessed by users over a computer network. Such libraries have many advantages in that they can be updated on a daily basis and can be accessed instantly by users. Additionally, they do not have a physical boundary, can store more information, and offer access to multiple resources simultaneously.
Digital libraries can largely differ in terms of size, scope and purpose. They may be maintained by institutions, organizations or even individuals. Several institutions, mostly academic, have already started to maintain digital libraries.