Dynamic Structured Query Language

What Does Dynamic Structured Query Language Mean?

Dynamic Structured Query Language (SQL) is a SQL version that facilitates the generation of dynamic (or variable) program queries. Dynamic SQL allows a programmer to write code that automatically adjusts to varying databases, environments, servers or variables.


Dynamic SQL statements are not embedded in the source program but stored as strings of characters that are manipulated during a program’s runtime. These SQL statements are either entered by a programmer or automatically generated by the program. This is the major difference between dynamic SQL and static SQL statements. Dynamic SQL statements also may change from one execution to the next without manual intervention.

Dynamic SQL facilitates automatic generation and manipulation of program modules for efficient automated repeating task preparation and performance.

Techopedia Explains Dynamic Structured Query Language

Dynamic SQL facilitates the development of powerful applications with the ability to create database objects for manipulation according to user input. For example, a Web application may allow parameters specifying a SQL query. Typical SQL queries accommodate a few parameters. However, entering 10 or more parameters often leads to highly complex SQL queries, especially if a user is allowed to enter conditions (such as AND or OR) between parameters.

Dynamic SQL increases processing and efficiency by running simultaneous queries and distributing results from a single interface query on multiple databases.

Early Oracle database versions with PL/SQL dynamic SQL required that programmers to use a complicated Oracle DBMS_SQL package library. Later, a simpler “Native Dynamic SQL” was introduced.


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Margaret Rouse is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical, business audience. Over the past twenty years her explanations have appeared on TechTarget websites and she's been cited as an authority in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine and Discovery Magazine.Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages. If you have a suggestion for a new definition or how to improve a technical explanation, please email Margaret or contact her…