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Green computing is the environmentally responsible and eco-friendly use of computers and their resources. In broader terms, it is also defined as the study of designing, engineering, manufacturing, using and disposing of computing devices in a way that reduces their environmental impact.
Many IT manufacturers and vendors are continuously investing in designing energy-efficient computing devices, reducing the use of dangerous materials and encouraging the recyclability of digital devices. Green computing practices came into prominence in 1992, when the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) launched the Energy Star program.
Green computing is also known as green information technology (green IT).
Green computing aims to attain economic viability and improve the way computing devices are used. Green IT practices include the development of environmentally sustainable production practices, energy-efficient computers and improved disposal and recycling procedures.
To promote green computing concepts at all possible levels, the following four approaches are employed:
Government regulatory authorities also actively work to promote green computing concepts by introducing several voluntary programs and regulations for their enforcement.
Average computer users can employ the following tactics to make their computing usage more green:
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