Cable Modem Termination System

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What Does Cable Modem Termination System Mean?

A cable modem termination system (CMTS) is device usually
found in the headend or hubsite of a cable company that allows exchange of
digital signals on a cable network with cable modems. A cable modem termination
system is used for providing high-speed data services like Voice over Internet
Protocol (VoIP) or cable internet to subscribers.


Techopedia Explains Cable Modem Termination System

A cable modem termination system is capable of performing many of the functions of a digital subscriber line access multiplexer (DSLAM) in a DSL system. It has both RF and Ethernet interfaces. A CMTS mostly carries Internet Protocol traffic, and it both transmits and receives digital cable modem signals on a cable network. A CMTS transmits signals to the user’s cable modem and also receives signals from it, converting them into IP packets and routing them to the designated internet service provider, in order to get connected via internet.

In other words, a CMTS makes use of the incoming traffic from customers on a single channel and routes them to an ISP for connecting to an internet. In a system making use of a CMTS, cable modems communicate by channeling their signals through the CMTS and cannot directly communicate among themselves. There are mainly two types of architectures used for CMTSs: integrated CMTS (I-CMTS) and modular CMTS (M-CMTS). In integrated CMTS, all the components are placed under a single chassis. One of the major advantages of integrated CMTS is in having fewer single points for failure, ease of deployment and lower costs. One of the biggest advantages of M-CMTS is its ability to scale to huge numbers depending on the downstream channels.

Unlike other techniques, CMTSs are capable of serving different cable modem population sizes. Additionally, the cable modems associated with CMTS are not dependent on distance for quality of service. CMTS is capable of doing some basic filtering for protecting against various attacks and unauthorized users. It can also act as a router or a bridge in a network.


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Margaret Rouse

Margaret jest nagradzaną technical writerką, nauczycielką i wykładowczynią. Jest znana z tego, że potrafi w prostych słowach pzybliżyć złożone pojęcia techniczne słuchaczom ze świata biznesu. Od dwudziestu lat jej definicje pojęć z dziedziny IT są publikowane przez Que w encyklopedii terminów technologicznych, a także cytowane w artykułach ukazujących się w New York Times, w magazynie Time, USA Today, ZDNet, a także w magazynach PC i Discovery. Margaret dołączyła do zespołu Techopedii w roku 2011. Margaret lubi pomagać znaleźć wspólny język specjalistom ze świata biznesu i IT. W swojej pracy, jak sama mówi, buduje mosty między tymi dwiema domenami, w ten…