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Synchronous groupware is a class of applications that enables geographically separate group members to collaborate in real time. Examples of such groupware include chat systems, shared whiteboards, video conferencing, group decision support systems and collaborative editors.
The fundamental requirement of synchronous groupware is real-time coordination among group members. As such, the user interface is designed to promote a feeling of togetherness and shared audio channels for communication.
Desktop conferencing and electronic meeting rooms are examples of synchronous groupware. In desktop conferencing, the computers that make up the system maintain a persistent shared presentation, while still allowing individual users some measure of control over their view. Electronic meeting rooms were initially developed in business schools and were later generalized as synchronous groupware.