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Telemedicine refers to resources, strategies, methods and installations that help doctors or other medical professionals work remotely to consult, diagnose and treat patients. Through major advancements in technology such as wireless networking and cloud computing, efficiency of data storage, complexity of electronic medical records software, etc., telemedicine is becoming a much more feasible aspect of modern medicine.
In telemedicine, doctors, nurses or technicians may appear through videoconferencing to consult patients. They may operate surgical equipment or other robotic devices from a remote location. They may dictate or send test results from a home office. What all of these have in common is that the concept of telemedicine allows for more versatile medical care and medical work on a virtual level, that is, across physical distance.
Part of the concept behind telemedicine is that it allows doctors to better serve rural communities where doctors' offices are scarce. Experts point out that elements of the Affordable Care Act and health-care reform would promote the use of telemedicine in the future, to introduce efficiencies in modern health care. Manufacturers are building a range of equipment and services that would support telemedicine in practice as technology-aided methods continue to improve care around the world.