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An Internet security and acceleration server (ISA server) is a server that provides organizational firewall and Web cache solutions for Windows along with secure, fast and manageable Internet connectivity.
ISA helps to implement an organization's business security policy through its administrative tools, which help to regulate usage based on user group, application, destination, schedule and content criteria. Its extensible platform offers hardware redundancy and load balancing and enables efficient use of network resources through its sophisticated caching mechanisms.
ISA server is a member of the .NET enterprise server. It comes in both a standard and enterprise edition. While the standard edition can be used as a stand-alone server (supporting up to four processors) for organizations with lesser access to the Internet, the enterprise edition is used for large-scale deployment due to its additional functionalities.
ISA server uses the following technologies for its services:
Each of these ISA technologies can be applied individually or together to address the performance and security challenges faced by company branch offices in terms of accessing information stored on the main office network with improved security, reliability and accessibility.