Networking refers to the total process of creating and using computer networks, with respect to hardware, protocols and software, including wired and wireless technology. It involves the application of theories from different technological fields, like IT, computer science and computer/electrical engineering.
Standard operating procedures (SOP) in networking require selecting materials, like cabling and networking hardware, and establishing required telecommunication protocols, hardware and software.
The need for enhanced telecommunications has led to the advancement of multiple networking hardware technologies, like hubs, switches and routers. It has also spurred the invention of more creative networking mechanisms that use technologies and protocols, primarily in the mobile space.