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10Base5 refers to a standard for Ethernet network technologies that use a thicker version of coaxial cables. It has the capability to transmit data at speed of 10Mbps up to 500 meters using baseband transmission.
10Base5 is also known as Thicknet, ThickWire and thick Ethernet.
The 10Base5 is among the first of original standards of Ethernet along with 10Base2. The name 10Base5 is derived from its 10Mbps transmission speed and 500 meters as the maximum segment length. Its coaxial cable is similar to RG-8/U but with a much thicker shield and braiding, making it highly resistant to network interference. Its outer sheath even has the ability to resist and protect against fire.
A 10Base5 network segment (LAN) can consist of a maximum of 100 nodes. Each node connects to the network segment or cable using an N-connector and must have a distance of 2.5m between one another. Nodes can also be connected through a vampire clam that enables adding a new node in a live network.