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Programming language generations are classifications of programming languages, which reference different eras of programming history. This classification indicates how programming power is increasing. Some consider this progress as programming features formerly considered significant become less important.
First generation programming language has been described as coding, not programming, because programmers had to enter the program to the computer in the form of machine code rather than a written language. And the algorithm itself was written on paper.
The second generation appeared with programming languages that completely substitute machine code. The programmer wrote the program through the assembly language; then an assembler automatically interpreted it into a machine code. The first such languages were the FORTRAN, COBOL and ALGOL.
The third generation was much more developed. Reasons included: