Electricity Over IP

What Does Electricity Over IP Mean?

Electricity over Internet Protocol (EoIP) is the process of transmitting electrical energy over a standard, IP-based network. It is a proposed scheme that has yet to be commonly implemented. It was published by the Internet Engineering Task Force in RFC 3251 in April 2002.


Electricity over IP ( EoIP) is pronounced as "yoyp."

Techopedia Explains Electricity Over IP

EoIP was primarily conceived to facilitate distribution, reduce costs and improve the management of delivering electricity to consumers. It is also seen as a move to combine the electrical and Internet distribution links and networks together to eliminate redundant networks and reduce distribution costs. EoIP works on the Mostly Pointless Lamp Switching (MPLampS) architecture , which use IP packets to deliver electricity.

Electricity is digitized using the Discrete Voltage Encoding (DVE) scheme and is stored in IP packets as bit stream. It is than delivered to the recipient device/node or more specifically the low voltage electricity receptors (LER), each of which is identified by a unique IP address.


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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.