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Michael Faraday was a British scientist who is chiefly remembered for his work in laying the foundation of modern-day electrical engineering. His contributions towards electromagnetism and electrochemistry are acknowledged worldwide, as he discovered benzene and the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction. In honor of his enormous contributions towards physics and chemistry, a statue of Michael Faraday has been placed in Savoy Place, London.
Born in Newington Butts on September 22, 1791, Faraday was self-taught after getting only a basic school education. From the ages of fourteen to twenty one, he read most of his books while working as an apprentice with a local bookbinder and bookseller.
Faraday's discovery of electromagnetic rotation is the chief mechanism behind modern-day electrical motors and generators. Gas liquefaction and refrigeration is the technology widely used in air conditioning. Discovery of benzene and its properties, laws of electromagnetic induction, laws of electrolysis and diamagnetic properties of electrons were some of Faraday’s other most notable works.
In honor of his work in the fields of science, the University of Oxford granted Michael Faraday the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law. He was granted a number of awards during and after his lifetime in realization of his services to science and humanity as a whole.