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Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a set of specifications and standards used for e-learning products and services. It defines the various communication methods between the client-side content and the run-time environment (host system). The standard also defines how e-learning content should be packaged for compatibility; this is done through the use of a transferable ZIP format called the Package Interchange Format.
Sharable Content Object Reference Model is basically a guide that tells programmers and content creators how to create their products or programs so that they are compatible with other e-learning products and software. This makes SCORM the e-learning industry's de facto standard for interoperability. SCORM governs how all learning management systems (LMS) and online e-learning content, at the very basic level, interact with each other. It was created by the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) initiative, which reports to the Office of the United States Secretary of Defense.
In actuality, SCORM is not an actual standard but rather a "reference model" because it does not do anything new and it was not written from the ground up as a standard to follow, but rather it takes various standards already found in the industry that already solve part of the problem and then references them. SCORM references these standards to form a cohesive whole and tells developers how to use them properly, especially in the context of e-learning.