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The AZERTY keyboard layout is another version of the English QWERTY keyboard. This type of layout is mainly used in France and in other parts of Europe, although some countries have their own version of the AZERTY. Its name was derived from the first six consecutive letters on the top-left row of the keyboard. Aside from the placement of letters, AZERTY differs from QWERTY in several other ways.
The AZERTY keyboard first appeared within the last decades of the 19th century in France as an alternative layout to the American QWERTY version of typewriters. By 1976, a QWERTY version adapted to the French language was proposed as an experiment by the French National Organization for Standardization. This proposal paved the way for a temporary variation period until the current AZERTY layout was established. One prominent feature of the keyboard is its emphasis on accents, which are quite important for writing European languages like French.
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