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A feasibility study is a study, usually done by engineers, that establishes whether conditions are right to implement a particular project. Feasibility studies can be done for many purposes, and are sometimes done in IT in order to look at feasibility for new hardware and software setups.
Sometimes a feasibility study is done as part of a systems development lifecycle, in order to drive precision for the implementation of technologies. Engineers might look at a five-point model called TELOS — this includes the following components:
Under technical, engineers ask whether the correct technology exists to support a project. Under economic, they look at costs and benefits. Under legal, they look at any barriers to legal implementation, for instance, privacy issues or safety concerns. Under operational, they look at how systems can be maintained after being built. In schedule, they look at chronology for a project.
In general, a feasibility study should cover all of the salient points on whether a project is reasonable, and should have documentation related to any concerns.