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Geolocation is the process of finding, determining and providing the exact location of a computer, networking device or equipment. It enables device location based on geographical coordinates and measurements.
Geolocation commonly uses Global Positioning System (GPS) and other related technologies to assess and specify geographical locations.
Geolocation provides the location of a device but is generally used in a variety of applications to help locate human users. Geolocation works through a pre-built GPS in a device that propagates the device's longitudinal and latitudinal coordinates. The coordinates are identified on a map to provide a complete address that usually includes a country, city, town/colony, building name and street address.
Besides GPS, geolocation also may be identified through an Internet Protocol (IP) address, media access control (MAC) address, radio frequency (RF) systems, Exchangeable Image File Format (EXIF) data and other wireless positioning systems.