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The Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) is a commission convened to maintain standards for image rendering in technology. The acronym JPEG is much more commonly recognized as a file extension for image files, representing the standard set by the international JPEG commission.
A JPEG file may also be abbreviated as JPG.
Created in 1986, the Joint Photographic Experts Group is a product of efforts by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Efforts to create standards for digital images led to the creation of JPEG to promote consistency in software and hardware products.
JPEG continues to look at issues of image compression and new technology methods like wavelets, which can promote a high standard for the creation and use of digital images in many devices, from computers to handheld devices and other hardware.