Definition - What does Static Link mean?
Techopedia explains Static Link
Static links can be used by a website to achieve a high page rank by anchoring the keyword-rich text. In the case of multiple parameters, search engines find it easier to handle static links than dynamic links.
One distinct disadvantage of using a static link is the amount of rewriting involved in case search engines, or users find it cumbersome to locate the proper content relevant to the context in a website. Also, the stability of the page referred by a static link should not fluctuate.