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A remote computer is a computer that a user has no access to physically, but may be able to access it remotely via a network link from another computer. Remote connections are made through the use of a network which connects the computer and the device that is used to access it.
Remote access software is used to be able to control the remote computer just as if the computer is right in front of the user. TeamViewer, VNC and Remote Desktop are just a couple of examples of such software.
The TPC/IP protocol is used for connections, especially ones done over the Internet. Since a computer’s IP address is unique, it is used to specifically identify the computer to be accessed remotely through a known network or the Internet.
Remote computers can be quite handy in certain scenarios. They can be helpful when a user forgot some of his/her files in their home or office computer and wants to access and retrieve them even though it is no longer physically possible. They can also be very useful in business environments, when holding conferences and computer maintenance or assistance.