Java media framework (JMF) is API developed to enable adding audio, video, and other time-based media to Java applications and applets. JMF extends the Java Platform Standard Edition (J2SE). It supports recording, streaming, playing, and converting between multiple media formats. Additionally, it enables developing cross-platform Java multimedia applications.
Collaboration between Sun Microsystems, Silicon Graphics, and Intel resulted into the release of JMF 1.0 in 1997. However, the next release of JMF, that is 2.0, was developed by Sun and IBM and released in 1999. This version supported new features, including recording, streaming, and conversion among different media formats.
JMF is criticized in several aspects:
- JMF supports few up-to-date codecs and formats.
- Performance packs, offering the ability to use the native platform media library, are only offered in Linux, Solaris, and Windows.
- Generally, the free version of JMF, provided by Sun, lacks update and maintenance.