A keypunch or key punch is a device used for precisely punching holes in specific locations on a stiff card. It was used in conjunction with early punched card computers. The punched card served as the program instruction for the computer. The locations of the punches were determined by the keys being struck by a human operator, much like typing...
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is a nonprofit organization in the United States that supports civil liberties and other legal issues pertaining to digital rights. It is an advocacy group dedicated to protecting the First Amendment in telecommunications and computer technology. The EFF defends civil rights mainly in the courts and mobilizes people through its informative action center.
The EFF is a group of specialized attorneys, resourceful technologists, policy analysts and research activists. Part of the EFF’s mission statement is to ensure that originators of electronic communications have the same political rights as the creators of books, newspapers and other customary media. The group's objective is to confront cutting-edge digital rights issues by defending privacy, free speech, consumer rights and invention.
The EFF is mostly supported by donations and is an accredited observer of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), one of the 16 specialized United Nations agencies. The WIPO helps protect and promote intellectual property throughout the world. The EFF is also a member of the Global Network Initiative, a non-governmental organization that protects Internet privacy rights for individuals and prevents Internet censorship by authoritarian governments.
The EFF has a wide range of mission statements, which include the following:
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