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A tree topology is a type of network topology that includes at least three specific levels in a topology hierarchy. Tree topologies are valued for their scalability and accessibility for troubleshooting.
There are numerous ways to explain the structure of a tree topology, as follows:
A drawback of a tree topology is that an entire system can be crippled by any damage or malfunction of the primary node. This is why managers of tree topologies often have a "protect the tree" approach, where the primary node receives special attention or safeguards.