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Mesh networking is a type of network topology in which a device (node) transmits its own data as well as serves as a relay for other nodes. Routers are used to provide the best and most efficient data path for effective communication. In the event of a hardware failure, many routes are available to continue the network communication process.
There are two types of mesh networking topologies:
A mesh networking layout is not commonly used because of high costs related to cabling, devices and its complex infrastructure. However, wireless mesh networks are very popular among wireless networks and their users. This is because, by definition, a wireless network does not need cabling or any other physical infrastructure other than an access point.