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A Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) connector is an application programming interface (API) for Java, which helps to plug in any driver using JDBC technology. A JDBC connector makes it unnecessary to change the driver code to plug-and-play with Java applications.
A JDBC connector provides a way to establish connections with a database. It has the following characteristics:
Currently, the open database connectivity (ODBC) API is the most widely-used interface to access relational databases, because it provides the flexibility to connect to any database in any platform. However, it has its own disadvantages as well. There are four important reasons to use JDBC over the ODBC API: