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Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a dynamic protocol used to find the best route or path from end-to-end (source to destination) over a network by using a routing metric/hop count algorithm. This algorithm is used to determine the shortest path from the source to destination, which allows the data to be delivered at high speed in the shortest time.
RIP plays an important role providing the shortest and best path for data to take from node to node. The hop is the step towards the next existing device, which could be a router, computer or other device. Once the length of the hop is determined, the information is stored in a routing table for future use. RIP is being used in both local and wide area networks and is generally considered to be easily configured and implemented.