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The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) is federal law that mandates the use of Internet filters and other measures to protect children from explicit and inappropriate content.
Congress enacted CIPA in 2001 to protect minors from offensive Internet content accessible through publicly funded organizations, such as schools and libraries. Public administrators, including teachers and librarians, are responsible for overseeing and ensuring CIPA adherence.
E-rate is a federal program that provides Internet service discounts to CIPA-compliant schools and libraries. Per CIPA, funded organizations must adopt Internet monitoring systems and adhere to formal Internet safety documentation and reporting requirements.
CIPA regulations issued by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) are as follows:
Although most public organizations restrict access to Facebook and other social network websites, CIPA recipients must develop and set Internet safety policies for monitoring Web, instant messaging, chat and email use.
CIPA does not mandate tracking Internet use but is considered a legislative standard for blocking minors from accessing harmful Internet content.