Publishing Requirements for Industry Standard Metadata (PRISM) is a set of computer language standards and recommended usages for cataloging digital information and content transmission.
PRISM also standardizes building-block Web page language, also called Extensible Markup Language (XML), and institutes a framework for preserving digital content and metadata. In addition, PRISM provides publishing formats for digital materials when delivering its content to websites, as well as to various communities.
In digital rights management, PRISM identifies intellectual property rights, which helps enforce the protection of copyrighted creative works. Resources are defined within the context of PRISM.
PRISM recommends using XML or other existing markup language such as Dublin Core or Resource Description Framework (RDF) language. Metadata is likened to a library catalog referencing digital information.
PRISM contains two specifications. The first is the framework’s definitions, while the second specification describes an actual format for publishers to use when delivering their electronic content. PRISM is considered to be a very user-friendly application standard.
Initiated in 1999 by Linda Burman, the PRISM Working Group represented the publishing industry’s software suppliers. Among other concepts, PRISM was formed to provide the framework for rights management and the pertinent vocabulary contained therein. User interoperability and consistency has been the primary aim of PRISM, and the flexibility that using PRISM applications provides is one of its greatest advantages. PRISM is also noted for its data-binding capabilities.
Another aim of PRISM is to help enable interchangeable digital works on the World Wide Web while making code-writing easier.