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Vertical handover is a network node that automatically changes its connection type to access a supporting infrastructure. When a computing device could connect to the Internet via two different network technologies, it is automatically connected to the available network. This shuffling or changing from one network to the other is the vertical handover.
Vertical handover enables the exploitation of higher bandwidth and lower costs for networks like wide local area networks. It also provides extended coverage for cellular networks.
Vertical handover is also known as vertical handoff.
Many laptop users have dual technology in their laptops to connect to the Internet; a laptop may use wireless LAN (WLAN) or cellular network connection technologies. WLAN provides higher bandwidth at very low rates. A cellular network is not as reliable, is often costly, and available bandwidth is dependent on network traffic. The WLAN is configured by default on the laptop. However, upon WLAN failure, the cellular network is available to keep the user connected to the Internet. The movement from one type of technology to the other is the vertical handover, which keeps a user’s machine connected to the Internet and provides uninterrupted communication.
For a vertical handover to occur, the following must be considered: