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Pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) is one of several forms of single modulation in which data is transmitted through varying the amplitude of the pulses in regular timed sequence of electrical or electromagnetic pulses. In the case of analog pulse amplitude modulation signals, the number of pulse amplitudes can be infinite. Pulse amplitude modulation is mostly used in digital data transmission with non baseband applications.
Pulse amplitude modulation is used in the popular Ethernet communication standard.
In pulse amplitude modulation, a signal is sampled at regular intervals and is made proportionate to the magnitude of the signal. Some pulse amplitude modulation systems have the amplitude directly proportional to instantaneous modulating signal. For some systems, the amplitude is inversely proportional to instantaneous modulating signal.The sampled pulses are then sent directly to the receiving end by the channel or are modulated using a carrier wave before transmission.
There are two main types of pulse amplitude modulation: