Adaptive Route

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What Does Adaptive Route Mean?

An adaptive route refers to an optimal and efficient routing path that is selected when routing priorities change or failures occur with routing devices, nodes or other network components. An adaptive route ensures continuous network connectivity and operations.


Techopedia Explains Adaptive Route

Several protocols are available to facilitate routing via adaptive routes. Some of them are:

  • Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
  • Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
  • Intermediate System To Intermediate System (IS-IS)
  • Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP)/ Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)

Static networks do not implement adaptive routes, opting instead for static or fixed routes. So, if one of the routes is failed, the packet transfer will either fail or the packet has to wait until the route failure is rectified. This proves that the effective implementation of adaptive routes is vital in routing.

An adaptive route is selected based on routing criteria, algorithms and priorities assigned to different network devices.

For example, as an analogy, an individual needs to travel to another city for a meeting, but the normal bus route is stalled because a road is under construction. So, he must select an alternate travel method, like a train. This changed route is similar to an adaptive route selected as an alternate pathway for network data.


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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert
Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.