Arithmetic Operator

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What Does Arithmetic Operator Mean?

An arithmetic operator is a mathematical function that takes two operands and performs a calculation on them. They are used in common arithmetic and most computer languages contain a set of such operators that can be used within equations to perform a number of types of sequential calculation. Basic arithmetic operators include:

  • Addition (+)
  • Subtraction (-)
  • Multiplication (×)
  • Division (÷)

Computers use different symbols in programming to represent multiplication (*) and division (/). More complex operators such as square root (√) also act as arithmetic operators but the basic plus, minus, multiply and divide are the fundamental operators.

Techopedia Explains Arithmetic Operator

Arithmetic operators have been used in mathematics formulas and numeric calculations for centuries. They form the basis for determining the outcome of calculated numbers or products. Their use is linear; each operator is performed in sequence, with multiplication and division taking place before addition and subtraction.

Arithmetic symbols such as the % have different meanings when used in computing and are dependent on the language in question. Arithmetic operators are responsible for performing most calculations that use values such as: Although labeled arithmetic operators, these operators are used in algebra and a number of other mathematical concepts, but retain the same function wherever they are used.


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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert
Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.