[WEBINAR] Application Acceleration: Faster Performance for End Users

Onion Routing

Definition - What does Onion Routing mean?

Onion routing is a method by which network packets can be transmitted anonymously over the Internet or a network.

It was first conceived by the U.S. Navy to hide the origin of Internet Protocol (IP) packets as they traveled over the Internet. However, it protects and hides both the sender and receiver of the data packet.

Techopedia explains Onion Routing

In onion routing, each layer serves as encapsulation, revealing information when the layer is extracted.

In practical implementation, onion routing consists of a series of onion routers connected through a proxy. The application intending to send a network packet transmits it to the onion routing proxy, which creates an anonymous connection using different onion routers en route to the destination node.

The first onion router encrypts the message and sends it to the next router in the configured path. The receiving onion router decrypts the message using its private key, reveals the next destination onion router, encrypts it again and sends it to the next onion router.

Techopedia Deals

Connect with us

Techopedia on Linkedin
Techopedia on Linkedin
"Techopedia" on Twitter

Sign up for Techopedia's Free Newsletter!

Email Newsletter

Join thousands of others with our weekly newsletter

Free Whitepaper: The Path to Hybrid Cloud
Free Whitepaper: The Path to Hybrid Cloud:
The Path to Hybrid Cloud: Intelligent Bursting To Amazon Web Services & Microsoft Azure
Free E-Book: Public Cloud Guide
Free E-Book: Public Cloud Guide:
This white paper is for leaders of Operations, Engineering, or Infrastructure teams who are creating or executing an IT roadmap.
Free Tool: Virtual Health Monitor
Free Tool: Virtual Health Monitor:
Virtual Health Monitor is a free virtualization monitoring and reporting tool for VMware, Hyper-V, RHEV, and XenServer environments.
Free 30 Day Trial – Turbonomic
Free 30 Day Trial – Turbonomic:
Turbonomic delivers an autonomic platform where virtual and cloud environments self-manage in real-time to assure application performance.