Tech moves fast! Stay ahead of the curve with Techopedia!
Join nearly 200,000 subscribers who receive actionable tech insights from Techopedia.
A T-1 carrier is a dedicated telephone connection or a time-division-multiplexed digital transmission service that supports a data rate of 1.544 Mbps. A T-1 line generally includes 24 separate channels, each of which is able to support 64 Kbps. Every 64 Kbps channel is often customized to transport voice or data traffic. The majority of telephone companies only allow the purchase of a few of the individual channels, referred to as fractional T-1 access.
The T-carrier systems are totally digital and use time-division multiplexing (TDM) and pulse code modulation (PCM). The original T carrier system was developed by Bell Labs in the early 1960s.
T-1 is the method that is conventionally used by the telephone companies for transporting digitized telephone communication among central offices. Since the 1960s, a single T-1 channel was able to carry 24 high-quality voice conversations. Because T-1 is fully digital, it eradicates the chance of crosstalk, which is typical among analog carrier networks where the copper pairs tend to pick up transmissions from neighboring pairs.
A T-1 physically includes two twisted pairs of copper wire. The pairs use a full-duplex configuration in which one pair sends information while the other receives information.
There are two main framing standards used by a T-1 carrier line: