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Static routing is a type of network routing technique. Static routing is not a routing protocol; instead, it is the manual configuration and selection of a network route, usually managed by the network administrator. It is employed in scenarios where the network parameters and environment are expected to remain constant.
Static routing is only optimal in a few situations. Network degradation, latency and congestion are inevitable consequences of the non-flexible nature of static routing because there is no adjustment when the primary route is unavailable.
Routing is one of the most essential procedures in data communication. It ensures that data travels from one network to another with optimal speed and minimal delay, and that its integrity is maintained in the process.
Broadly, routing is performed in two different ways:
Static routing is considered the simplest form of routing.