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A standards-based system refers to the common use of computer operating systems by a variety of organizations and users who may or may not have common interests. More often than not, standards-based systems are used within businesses and organizations. These systems are uniform in their operations and can prove cost effective because they are non-proprietary.
Governments are definitely the biggest consumers of operating systems and IT, so they have a lot of say in the direction in which IT is moving. For suppliers, however, a uniform standard of operating is perturbing since many make their money by locking in consumers to particular types of systems that are purposely made to be different from other systems.
Unix is an example of a standards-based system platform. It is one that governments and businesses alike depend upon. The single Unix specification was derived from analyzing business systems and applications. Currently, all major systems' vendors incorporated products, labeled UNIX 95, ensure that the product corresponds to a single Unix specification. A single consensus standard is what makes Unix 95 so usable. While major vendors are always adding to Unix 95, that value will always be built on a single operating standard.
Because Unix is not proprietary, its software and systems can easily be built to public standards. Operability, reliability and scalability are vital in business today. Standards-based systems provide each of these important qualities.
Standards-based systems are also based on client/server architecture, where the two areas are interoperable and relevant to specific business needs. With standards-based systems, time wasting and random developments of systems are not necessary since the point isn't to make systems new and different. Rather, systems are built upon basic standards that can be easily and widely used. Standards-based systems bring reliability, low price, robustness and uniform operational features to the table.