Hill climbing is a mathematical optimization heuristic method used for solving computationally challenging problems that have multiple solutions. It is an iterative method belonging to the local search family which starts with a random solution and then iteratively improves that solution one element at a time until it arrives at a more or less...
A boot sector virus is a computer virus that infects a storage device's master boot record (MBR). It is not mandatory that a boot sector virus successfully boot the victim's PC to infect it. As a result, even non-bootable media can trigger the spread of boot sector viruses. These viruses copy their infected code either to the floppy disk's boot sector or to the hard disk's partition table. During start-up, the virus gets loaded to the computer's memory. As soon as the virus is saved to the memory, it infects the non-infected disks used by the system.
The propagation of boot sector viruses has become very rare since the decline of floppy disks. Also, present-day operating systems include boot-sector safeguards that make it difficult for boot sector viruses to infect them.
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