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The WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) is a special agreement enacted by a consensus of over 100 member states of the European Union (EU). Adopted in Geneva, Switzerland on December 20, 1996, WCT supplements the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (Berne Convention) and the International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations (Rome Convention). At that time, the Berne and Rome Convention had not been modified for 25 years.
WCT was created to address changes in digital technology and communications, particularly the distribution of digitally protected works over the Internet. Known as the "Internet treaties," WCT was enacted along with the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) to respond to new marketplace and technology developments.