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Java database connectivity interface (JDBC) is a software component that allows Java applications to interact with databases. To enhance the connection, JDBC requires drivers for each database. These drivers connect to the database and implement the protocol to transfer query and respective results between the client and database.
Java database connectivity (JDBC) defines interfaces and classes and, by making database connections, makes it possible to write database applications in Java. JDBC aids in executing SQL statements and supports basic SQL functionality. Because Java runs on thin clients, applets that are embedded in Web pages enclose downloadable JDBC codes that allow for remote database access. JDBC technology drivers are divided into four categories: