Gigabits Per Second

What Does Gigabits Per Second Mean?

Gigabits per second (Gbps), sometimes abbreviated Gb/s, is a data transfer rate equivalent to one billion bits, or simple binary units, per second. These extremely high-speed rates of data transfer are not currently common, but new research projects have pushed computing capability toward the Gbps range for some technologies.


Techopedia Explains Gigabits Per Second

In order to understand gigabits per second compared to a more common measurement of kilobytes or megabytes per second, it’s necessary to understand that modern data rate measurements are often based on bytes, a unit that contains eight binary bits, rather than single bits. Data storage and data transfer capacities are commonly referenced in terms of bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, etc. To get rates in bits, users must convert measurements accordingly.

In 2010, Google announced a project to offer direct fiber-to-home solutions with speeds of up to one gigabit per second. As of 2012, this is still in development, and is many orders of magnitude faster than what is currently available for consumer use.


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Margaret Rouse

Margaret Rouse is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical, business audience. Over the past twenty years her explanations have appeared on TechTarget websites and she's been cited as an authority in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine and Discovery Magazine.Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages. If you have a suggestion for a new definition or how to improve a technical explanation, please email Margaret or contact her…